Color blindness, a color vision deficiency in animals, is the inability to perceive differences between some of the colors that others can distinguish. It is most often of genetic nature, but may also occur because of eye, nerve, or brain damage, or due to exposure to certain chemicals.
Color blindness is usually classed as disability; however, in selected situations color blind people have an advantage over people with normal color vision. There are some studies which conclude that color blind individuals are better at penetrating certain camouflages.
WWII teams that analyzed aerial photographs were looking for unusual patterns, so a color blind person could prove useful. From an evolutionary perspective a hunting group will be more effective if it includes a color blind hunter (one in twenty) who can spot prey that others cannot.
Excerpts From Color blindness – Wikipedia
I discovered I was color blind early on. It wasn’t hard to think of this condition as a disability. Art was a difficult class, and my hopes of becoming a doctor were not likely when during biology I could not really discern some of the key points the teacher was trying to highlight.
Over the years though I have found my color blindness to have more benefits than deficits. Not just in the ways identified through technical studies, but in many less obvious ways:
- An appreciation for the subtler shades
- Uncolored perception
- Recognition that what what I see may not be the same as everyone-else
- Discovery of facets of humanity that were more important than color
So you see, if you are looking for innovation or trying to solve problems bigger than your current thinking, you may need some color blindness. Don’t always focus on the most obvious colors, but look at the subtler shades, and embrace the diversity of thought!Don't always focus on the most obvious colors, but look at the subtler shades, and embrace the diversity of thought! Please Click To Tweet
Is color blindness a disability?
Color blindness is a medical disability, but not a legal disability for the purposes of receiving social security benefits in the United States. In other countries, there may be other color blindness disability benefits, however, I am not aware of any specifically.
What is a disability?
Wikipedia says: “A disability is any medical condition that makes it more difficult for a person to do certain activities or effectively interact with the world around them (socially or materially). These conditions, or impairments, may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or a combination of multiple factors. Impairments causing disability may be present from birth or occur during a person’s lifetime.”
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) defines a person with a disability as a “person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities.” It is important to remember that in the context of the ADA, “disability” is a legal term rather than a medical one.
The Social Security Administration (SSA) defines a disability similarly, also a legal term, not a medical one. Here is how they describe a disability:
“The law defines disability as the inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment(s) which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months.”
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